Volume 16 (1998)

The Regional Problem and the Break-Up of the State:
The Case of Yugoslavia
Èaslav Ociĉ

The Nature and the Scope of the Regional Problem
Regional Policies and Changes in the Institutional Framework
Regional Development Levels: Grouping of Regions
Structural Change: Shift-Share Analysis
Efficiency: Shift-Share Analysis
Interregional Relations: Autarky
Some Other Results of the Regions' Development
Regional Development Costs: Ratios of Investment
Interregional Income (Re)distribution
Regional Convergence or Divergence?
Equality: The Failure of the Positive Discrimination Model
"The National Question" and Nationalism
Separatism: Economic and Political
A Long Journey from Utopia to Dystopia
Selected Bibliography
Data Sources & Documents
Appendix  (1)  (2)

Selected Bibliography

John Allcock, "In Praise of Chauvinism: Rhetorics of Nationalism in Yugoslav Politics,"

Third World Quarterly, 2, 1991.

Ivan Avakumovich, History of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, 2 vols., Aberdeen Uni-

versity Press, Aberdeen, 1964.

Du�an Batakoviĉ, Yougoslavie: Nations, Religions, Idélogies, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne,


Nora Beloff, Tito's Flawed Legacy, Gollancz, London, 1985.

Steven L. Burg, Michael L. Berbaum, "Community, Integration and Stability in Multi-

national Yugoslavia," American Political Science Review, 2, 1989.

Steven L. Burg, Conflict and Cohesion in Socialist Yugoslavia: Political Decision Making

since 1966, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1983.

Steven L. Burg, "Elite Conflict in Post-Tito Yugoslavia," Soviet Studies, April 1986.

R.V. Burks, The National Problem and the Future of Yugoslavia, Rand Corporation, Santa

Monica, Cal., October 1971 (mimeo).

Kosta Christitch, Les faux fréres: Mirages et réalité yougoslaves, Flammarion, Paris, 1996.

Lenard J. Cohen, Paul Warwick, Political Cohesion in a Fragile Mosaic: The Yugoslav Ex-

perience, Westwiew Press, Boulder, 1983.

Lenard J. Cohen, The Socialist Pyramid: Elites and Power in Yugoslavia, Oakville, New

York & London, 1989.

Vladimir Dedijer et al., History of Yugoslavia, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974.

Karlheinz Deschner, Milan Petroviĉ, Weltkrieg der Religionen: Der Ewige Kreuzzeug auf

dem Balkan, Stuttgart & Wien, 1995.

David A. Dyker, "Yugoslavia: Unity out of Diversity?" in: A. Brown, J. Gray (eds.), Politi-

cal Culture and Political Change in Communist States, Macmillan, London, 1979
(2nd edition).

Economic Survey(s) of Yugoslavia, OECD, Paris (different years).

Thomas Eger, Das regionale Entwicklungsgefalle in Jugoslawien, Ferdinand Schöning,

Paderborn, 1980.

Diane Flaherty, "Plan, Market and Unequal Regional Development in Yugoslavia,"

Soviet Studies, 1, 1988.

Stanislav Gomulka, "Innovation Activity in the Yugoslav Economy," in: S. Gomulka,

Growth, Innovation and Reform in Eastern Europe, McMillan, London, 1986.

M.B. Gregory, "Regional Economic Development in Yugoslavia," Soviet Studies, 1, 1973.

Ian F.E. Hamilton, Yugoslavia: Pattern of Economic Activity, Praeger, New York, 1968.

Eugene Hammell, "Demography and the Yugoslav Crisis," Royal Anthropological Insti-

tute Newsletter, London, February 1993.

Oly Hawrylyshin, "Ethnic Affinity and Migration Flows in Postwar Yugoslavia," Eco-

nomic Development and Cultural Change, 1, 1977.

Robert M. Hayden, "Constitutional Nationalism in the Formerly Yugoslav Republics,"

Slavic Review, 4, 1992.

Branko Horvat et al., "Economic Functions of the Federation," Eastern European Eco- nomics, 2, 1972.

Alija Izetbegoviĉ, The Islamic Declaration, Sarajevo, 1990.

Fisher Jack, Yugoslavia: A Multi-National State, Chandler, New York, 1966.

Peter Jambrek, Development and Social Change in Yugoslavia: Crisis and Perspectives of a

Building a Nation, Saxon House, Westend, 1975.

Ross A. Johnson, The Transformation of Communist Ideology: The Yugoslav Case, 1945-

1953, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. & London, 1972.

Slobodanka Kovaèeviĉ, Putnik Dajiĉ, Chronology of the Yugoslav Crisis 1942-1992, Insti-

tute for European Studies, Belgrade, 1994.

N.R. Lang, "The Dialectics of Decentralization: Economic Reform and Regional In-

equality in Yugoslavia," World Politics, 3, 1974-1975.

Hervé Lauriére, Assassins au nom de Dieu, La Vigie, Paris, 1951.

Harold Lydall, Yugoslavia in Crisis, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989.

Christopher Martin, Incomes, Policies and Regional Variation in the Yugoslav Economy,

Institute for the industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley, 1986.

Bruce McFarlane, Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics and Society, London & New York, 1988.

Kosta Mihailoviĉ, "Socio-Economic Aspects of Interregional Migration in Yugoslavia,"

International Social Development Review, 4, 1972.

Branko Milanoviĉ, "Patterns of Regional Growth in Yugoslavia, 1952-83," Journal of

Development Economics, 1, 1987.

Albin Orthaber, "Reduction of a Gap Between Rich and Poor Regions Within a Planned

Economy: The Case of Yugoslavia," in: G. Ranis (ed.), The Gap Between Rich and
Poor Nations, Macmillan, London & Basingstoke, 1972.

Desmond Paris, Genocide in Satellite Croatia 1941-1945, Melbourne, 1981.

Stevan K. Pavlovitch, The Improbable Survivor: Yugoslavia and Its Problems 1918-1988,

Hurst, London, 1988.

Tea Petrin, "Regional Business Cycles in Yugoslavia," Economic Analysis, 3-4, 1973.

Boris Pleskoviĉ, Dolenc Marjan, "Regional Development in a Socialist, Developing and

Multinational Country: The Case of Yugoslavia," International Regional Science
Review, 1, 1982.

Pedro Ramet, Nationalism and Federalism in Yugoslavia, 1963-1983, Indiana University

Press, Bloomington, 1984.

Sabrina P. Ramet, Nationalism and Federalism in Yugoslavia, 1962-1991, Indiana Univer-

sity Press, Bloomington, 1992.

Veljko Rogiĉ "Problems of the Geographic Regionalization of Yugoslavia," Geographia

Iugoslavica, II, 1980.

Stephen Sacks, "Regional Inequality in Yugoslav Industry," Journal of Developing Areas,

11, 1976.

Carl-Ulrik Schierup, "Prelude to the Inferno," Balkan Forum, 2, 1993.

Carl-Ulrik Schierup, "Quasi-proletarians and a Patriarchal Bureaucracy: Aspects of

Yugoslavia's Re-peripheralisation," Soviet Studies, 1, 1992.

Paul Shoup, Communism and the Yugoslav National Question, Columbia University Press,

New York & London, 1968.

Pavle Sicherl, A Dynamic Analysis of Regional Disparities in Yugoslavia, Working Paper

of the Income Distribution and Employment Programme, WEP, ILO, Geneva, 1980.

Pavle Sicherl, "Regional Aspects of Yugoslav Economic Development and Planning," in:

Multidisciplinary Aspects of Regional Development, OECD, Paris, 1969.

Pavle Sicherl, "Regional Distribution of Government Expenditures in Yugoslavia," Re-

view of Income and Wealth, 1975.

Fred B. Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press,

Cambridge, 1989.

Fred B. Singleton, "Problems of Regional Economic Development: The Case of Yugo-

slavia," Jahrbuch der Wirtschaft Osteuropas, Band 2, Munchen & Wien, 1971.

Borisav Srebriĉ, "Policy, Methods and Basic Results of Developing the Underdeveloped

Areas," Ekonomist (Zagreb/English issue), 1969.

Georg Tomc, "Regional Differences and Income Stratification in Yugoslavia," Paper pre-

sented at Woodrow Wilson Conference, 1986.

Srdjan Trifkoviĉ, "The First Yugoslavia and Origins of Croatian Separatism," East Euro-

pean Quarterly, Vol. 26, 1992, pp. 345-370.

Milica Uvaliĉ, "Il problema del mercato unitario jugoslavo," Est-Ovest, 4, 1983.

Benjamin Ward, "Political Power and Economic Change in Yugoslavia," American Econo-

mic Review, 2, 1968.

Susan Woodward Lampland, "From Revolution to Post-Revolution: How Much Do We

Really Know about Yugoslav Politics," World Politics, 1, 1977.

World Bank Report: Yugoslavia: Development with Decentraliation, John Hopkins Uni-

versity Press, Baltimore & London, 1975.

World Bank Report: Yugoslavia: Self-Management Socialism and the Challenges of Devel-

opment, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, 1978.

D. Russinow (ed.), Yugoslavia. A Fractured Federalism, The Wilson Center Press, Wash-

ington, D.C., 1988.

Milica �arkoviĉ Bookman, "Economic Issues Underlying Secession. The Case of Slovenia

and Slovakia," Communist Economies and Economic Transformation, Vol. 4, 1, 1992.

Milica �arkoviĉ Bookman, "The Economic Basis of Regional Autarchy in Yugoslavia,"

Soviet Studies, 1, 1990.